Police Science

Police Sciences are issues of a subjected nature, unique approaches,  in-depth topics, and independent purposes. Its relation to other sciences does not attract from its independents or from the privacy of its individuality. 

The development of police science and all of its various specialties represents an urgent necessity,  and this is the aim of improving the performance level of police affairs, meeting its requirements, and strengthen the capacity of its facilities, to address all aspects of crime and delinquency in the framework of the legal context and without prejudice to the right and freedom of individuals.

Police Sciences often an ambiguous term that denotes the studies and research which directly or indirectly deals with police works. Studies and research in criminology. forensic science, psychology, jurisprudence, community policing, criminal justice,   correctional administration, and penology all come under this umbrella term ‘police science’.

 

There is a difference in terminology among “Security”, “Police”, and “Law Enforcement’, which states:

The term “Security” includes all that related to the security of the community and the safety of its residents, because security is the responsibility of the community as a whole, and therefore security includes all the roles assigned to private security, public security, and all social institutions concerned with achieving comprehensive security, whether governmental or civilian.

Whereas, the term “Police” are limited to the role played by the state to achieve public security, whether for the society or people which is the responsibility of both Ministry of Interior and Homeland Security.

While the term “law enforcement” means all the concerned agencies in the state that, the law has granted thereto the authority to enforce its rules. Therefore, it includes police services, security, municipalities, governmental agencies, etc.

On the other hand, the term “Criminal Justice” has two topics: Crime Control and Administration of Justice. The Criminal Justice System consists of the Police concerned with detecting crimes, the Public Prosecutor concerned with investigation and accusation, courts concerned with the issuance of a criminal conviction, and the police concerned with implementing the Corrections.

Summary of what has been mentioned, the police work includes three classifications:

  • Public Category related to community security and the safety of its individuals (60% of the police work),

  • Specialized Category related to crime and criminality in association with criminal justice agencies (30% of the police work).

  • Private Category related to law enforcement in conjunction with other governmental agencies (10% of the police work),


Therefore, we can define covering the Police Sciences as education, research, training, and development.

They are divided into the following divisions:

1.   Sciences, research, and training related to Public Category which is concerned with the general security of the society and safety of its individuals, it includes:

§  Foundation of the Policing and the History

§  Police Organization and Administration

§  Police Training and Education

§  Police Operation and Functions (Strategy in Policing)

§  Police Contact, Police Culture, Ethics and Decision Making, Police Misconduct and Accountability

§  Policing and Diverse Society

§  Technology and the Police

§  Private Security

§  Police Human Resource Management

§  Management of Security Sectors

§  Police Camp Management and Administration

§  Specialized Police Operation Management

§  Border Security and Management which includes regulations, procedures, insurance, and management of airports, ports, land borders)

§  Security Knowledge Management

§  Cybersecurity

§  Facility Security Management

§  Public and Private Escort Operations

§  Civil Defense Operations Management including regulations, procedures, and departments of (firefighting, rescue, ambulance)

§  Riot Control

§  Public Order, Operation and Management

§  Police Law, Rules and Regulation

§  Police Code

§  Comparative Police Systems

§  Police Work Strategies and Theories

§  Traffic Management and Enforcement including regulations and procedures

§  Majoring Police Performance

§  Police Crime Prevention and Control

§  Intelligence and Information Security Analysis

§  Police Sociology

§  Police Psychology

§  Police Social Work

§  Police Public Relations

§  Police Communications and Control Rooms Dispatch

§  Nuclear and Biological Security

§  Intelligence Operations

§  Operations and Industrial Security

§  Risk and Disaster Management

2.    Sciences, research, and training related to the private Category concerned with law enforcement include:

§       Law Enforcement and Governance

§       Law Enforcement Agencies

§       Law Enforcement Policies and Procedures

§       Law Enforcement Management and Operations

§       Police Report

§       Administrative and Criminal Enforcement provisions and procedures

§       Management Information System

§       Law Enforcement Regulations

§       Ethics in Law Enforcement and Policing

3.     Sciences, research, and training related to the specialized Category concerned with crime and criminal that include:

§       Forensic Science

§       Criminal Investigation

§       Criminal Information Analysis

§       Crime Scene

§       Forensic and Digital Evidence

§       Crime Control Operations Department

§       Surveillance Management and Operations

§       Criminal Statistics

§       Criminology and Criminal Justice

§       Victimology

§       Punitive Criminal Justice Policies

§       Criminal Psychology

§       Criminal Sociology

§       Human Rights in the Criminal Justice System

§       Criminal Analysis

§      Administration of Penal and Correctional facilities and prisons including regulations and procedures

§       Criminal Penal Code

§       Law of Criminal Procedure